Motorbike in Vietnam until 2030
- Blog and news
Motorbike in Vietnam remains the main means of transport until 2030. According to research, by 2030, 70% of Vietnamese people will still use the motorbike as the main means of transport.
In Vietnam and many Asian countries, the number of motorbike has increased rapidly in recent decades and the motorbike has become a popular means of transportation. To cope with the challenges of urban transport (traffic accidents, environmental pollution, congestion ...), Hanoi adopted a resolution restricting and prohibiting the motorbike in 2030. Ho Chi Minh City is also studying this issue.
New research conducted by the Viet Duc Transport Research Center, led by Dr. Vu Anh Tuan, provided useful figures on the current state of motorbike use in Vietnam and predicted other popular means of transportation until 2030.
Motorbike in Vietnam remains the main vehicle - Public transport is developing badly.
According to the survey of more than 4,300 households in 6 provinces, motorbike remains the dominant vehicle in all income groups. On average, each family owns 2.4 motorbikes and 0.13 cars.
In particular, public transport satisfies less than 1% of the population's travel needs in the provinces, except Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. Even in these two metropolitan areas, the public transport system covers only 8 to 10% of the demand for travel, much less than other Asian cities. For example, in Hanoi, there are 300 buses / 1 million people; the average in the other cities is between 1,000 and 1,500 buses / 1 million people.
According to the study, over the period 1995-2016, the number of motorbike in Vietnam has multiplied by 13, from 4 million to 52 million. The motorbike ownership rate reached 565 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants, while the car number increased from 460,000 to 3.25 million (7 times more). The ownership of cars in Vietnam is very low, reaching 35 cars per 1,000 inhabitants, only 1/10 to 1/20 of countries such as the United States and Japan...
Motorbike in Vietnam remains a priority until 2030:
According to the survey, the percentage of people choosing the motorbike in Vietnam instead of public transport (buses, trains) or the car is still important, reaching 56 to 89%. In urban areas, this percentage is even higher, reaching 89-93%.
Regarding the ban on motorbike by 2030, only 30% of respondents believe that the ban on motorbike will be applied, HCMC having the lowest rate (12%). Dr. Vu Anh Tuan, the project leader, said that the limit and insufficiency in the development of infrastructure and public transport are the reasons why many people do not believe that the ban on motorbike in Vietnam will be applied.
What can be done to improve the road safety of motorcyclists?
Based on the experience of countries around the world, especially countries that have motorbike in Asia, Dr. Anh Tuan believes that the need to build an environment with favorable conditions for motorbike traffic has 4 points.
First of all, we must integrate the motorbike in Vietnam in the legal policies: Regulation of the maximum speed of the motorbike as Japan, Europe...; regulating emission standards like Thailand, Indonesia...; motorbike technical control nationwide such as Taiwan, Thailand...
Secondly, it is necessary to build the infrastructure necessary for the motorbike traffic: Passage reserved for the bike, priority passage...
Thirdly, we must better educate the traffic code.
Fourthly, promote the application of technical progress for motorbike safety.
Mr. Khuat Viet Hung, vice chairman of the National Road Safety Committee said: the figure of the motorbike in Vietnam is about 56 million while the car is more than 3 million (2016 statistics), more 18 times but the rate of accidents related to the motorbike is 65% while the car is 33.6%, only twice. That means that the motorbike in Vietnam, the main cause of road accidents, is not accurate...