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North Vietnam is one of the three main territories of Vietnam. Throughout Vietnam's history, the north of this country had many names. During the period of the Trinh-Nguyen war, northern Vietnam was called Dang Ngoai or Bac Ha, Tonkin during the French colonial period, Bac Phan under the reign of King Bao Dai...
Geography of North Vietnam:
North Vietnam shares the border with China in the north, with Laos in the west and the Orient Sea in the east. The largest width is 600 km and the longest side is 1650 km. The topography of North Vietnam is very diverse and complex, including hills, plains, coast and continental shelf with a long history of geological development.
The northern delta region of North Vietnam is located in the Red River Basin and covers approximately 15,000 km2, or 4.5% of the total area of the country. The delta is triangular, the top is the city of Viet Tri and the lower edge is the line of the east coast. It is the second largest delta in Vietnam after the Mekong Delta in the south covering an area of 40,000 km2. Most of the North Vietnam plain is relatively flat, with an altitude of 0.4 to 12 m above sea level.
In the west and north - west of the Red River Delta in North Vietnam, it is the mountainous region with an area of about 101 000 km2 and equal to 30.7% of the country’s area. The mountains with complex topographies extend from the northern border (adjacent to China) to the west of Thanh Hoa province, often at an altitude of 600 to 700 m on average.
In the north-east of Vietnam, there are the lower mountains along the Orient Sea, surrounded by islands of all sizes. In the Gulf of Tonkin, there are nearly 3,000 islands in the sea areas of Halong Bay, Bai Tu Long, Cat Hai, Cat Ba and Bach Long Vi. Halong Bay is one of the main tourist destinations of Vietnam in general and in particular of North Vietnam.
The climate of North Vietnam is relatively hot and humid all year round. This climate is influenced by mainland China with the continental aspect. Part of the coastal region is influenced by the warm subtropical climate and the humid monsoon of the continent.
All of North Vietnam's entire regions have a tropical climate with the wet monsoon all year round with 4 distinct seasons with influences from the northeast monsoon and the southeastern monsoon. The annual average temperature increases gradually from north to south. In summer, from April to September, it is hot, humid and rainy. Winter from November to March is cold, dry with drizzle. The average annual temperature is around 25 degrees Celsius and average rainfall is between 1,700 and 2,400 mm. In winter, the temperature is lowest in December and January. This time, in the mountainous regions of North Vietnam like Sapa, Tam Dao, Hoang Lien Son, Mau Son..., the temperature sometimes remains below 0 degrees Celsius and can cause snow.
There are also storms, tropical depressions causing floods every year, direct threats to life and agriculture throughout the regions in North Vietnam.
Populations of North Vietnam:
The Red River Delta region of North Vietnam is the most populated with over 24 million people among the total population of over 95 million people throughout Vietnam (the Mekong Delta has more than 20 million people). And the three northern provinces least populated are Dien Bien, Lai Chau and Bac Kan, all less than 600 000 inhabitants.
The ethnic groups in the mountains of North Vietnam are extremely rich and varied: Tay, Muong, Thai, Nung, Dao, H'Mong, Lo Lo, Hu, Xa Pho, Giay, Pa Then, Phu La, Ha Nhi…Each people has different customs to create their own culture with unique beauties.
The Red River Delta region has the densest population density (about 1500 inhabitants / km2), especially with the Kinh people. The urban population here represents 29.2% of the northern population and has a high growth rate of 3.4% on average per year (the population growth rate in rural areas is 0.4% only) while the mountainous regions of North Vietnam has a very low population density: about 70 plus people / 1km square.
Culture of North Vietnam:
Today, Dong Son's bronze drums studies and investigations show us that North Vietnam had a very high civilization since prehistoric times. It is also simply the basis for confirming that the ancestors of the Vietnamese people had a very developed civilization.
Vietnam currently has two long-standing and highly developed traditional cultural and historical regions: the Red River Delta and the Southern Delta. The Red River Delta is a vast plain, a densely populated area with high levels of development, considered as the land of origin, home of the Vietnamese nation and Vietnamese culture.
The inhabitants of the plain in North Vietnam live a long time on old lands, under the pressure of the demographic growth. They quickly embarked on the most intensive cultivation, especially wet rice cultivation. From the beginning of our era, a colossal system of the dyke was created by expanding the production to the south. The purely agricultural nature quickly showed a clear expression in the new life. A social institution is gradually being formed, closely organized and can today be considered a cultural specialty in the rural areas of the northern delta of Vietnam. Culture is applied from each domain, place of residence, in a diverse and autonomous community life.
The Vietnamese people in general and the people of North Vietnam have a commonality about life closely linked to families, villages and countries. While talking about the northern regions, this cultural element is deeply rooted in the ideology of the people, especially in the concept of the native country, such as the ancient village culture, traditional crafts, land, ancestor worship...Each village consists of families, surrounded by bamboo hedges, gates, banyan tree, common places of worship, communal festivals...Moreover, the inhabitants of northern Vietnam are still strongly influenced by Confucianism, such as customs, discipline, hierarchy in the lineages and outside the village that are still considered important in the daily life of people in North Vietnam.
Since the nation's inception and struggles incessantly for independence, there has been a long history of hardship in thousands of years of construction and development to create a rich and diverse national culture that is the pride of Vietnam in general and populations in North Vietnam in particular.
North Vietnam motorbike tour according to an American adventurer:
The North Vietnam motorcycle tour article shared by Jarryd Salem in CNN once again surprised people. According to Jarryd Salem, Vietnam is an ideal destination for motorcycle travel, admiring the unique colors from north to south. We discover together the most impressive destinations in North Vietnam according to Jarryd Salem:
Attractive Ha Giang: The truth is that it is not only Jarryd Salem who was seduced by Ha Giang. All Vietnamese adventurers like Ha Giang in North Vietnam, especially between Ha Giang City and Dong Van Plateau along the Chinese border through Ma Pi Leng Pass, Yen Minh District, Lung Thau Pass like a long snake…Ha Giang is a challenge and also a dream for many people.
Than Uyen - Nghia Lo: Located in the North Vietnam, the Than Uyen - Mu Cang Chai - Nghia Lo section is one of the priority parts for the Vietnam motorbike tours. You will surely be satisfied by the colorful images of the endless terraced fields on the slopes of the mountains, whether during the water season like the mirrors on the plots or the golden season of the rice harvest...
Sapa in the clouds: If you like to "chase the clouds, drink dew", head for the 4D National Highway linking Lai Chau to Sapa of Lao Cai in North Vietnam. The road along the ridges opens a breathtaking landscape. The colors of the costumes of the local people, the rice terraces, the mountain peaks often covered with pure clouds... together create an unforgettable impression for the adventurers.
Fragrant Mai Chau: Mai Chau - Hoa Binh recalls poems but is also one of the most popular destinations in North Vietnam. Mai Chau is peaceful with its green rice fields and small dirt roads leading to the beautiful villages. Arriving at Mai Chau, we stop for a moment to breathe fresh air, and then we try to become a "real farmer" by staying in a host family. It's really very interesting...
We should confirm that North Vietnam has the most beautiful mountain scenery of this country through the provinces of Hoa Binh, Son La, Lai Chau, Yen Bai, Lao Cai, Cao Bang, Ha Giang...If you visit the in the north of September during the ripe rice season, you will have the opportunity to admire the breathtaking spectacle as the terraced fields spread out all the splendor. In the spring, the flowers spread through the terraced fields, the mountains, the market days of the people in traditional costumes, the villages...to create a poetic beauty in North Vietnam...